Composition and Specifications

For the Classic Head Half Cent, the official standards for the denomination remained the same as the previous design. However, by this time the quality of production at the Mint had improved, and the coins were produced closer to their true standards. When the Mint switched to more modern machinery in 1831, the quality improved even more.

The weight of each coin was 84 grains (5.44 grams) and the diameter was 23.5 mm, with some very minor differences possible. All coins are struck from pure copper with a plain edge. Production took place at the Philadelphia Mint and the coins do not carry a mint mark.

Coins with original Mint red color are sometimes encountered but are scarce without spots. Over time, most have toned to a darker brown color which comes in various shades, some of which can be very appealing. Various hoards have appeared since the late 19th century, and these account for the majority of coins which still display Mint red color.